TET/CTET या STET परीक्षाएं क्या हैं ? इनके आयोजन का क्या लक्ष्य होता है ?

 

TET/CTET  या STET परीक्षाएं क्या हैं ? इनके आयोजन का क्या लक्ष्य होता है ?

CTET का फुल फॉर्म है, Central Teacher Eligibility Test जैसा की नाम से ही स्पष्ट है की यह परीक्षा सेंट्रल के स्कूलों में टीचरों की योग्यता परीक्षण के लिए आयोजित की जाती है । यह परीक्षा प्रत्येक वर्ष में 2 बार आयोजित की जाती है । CTET परीक्षा सर्वप्रथम 2011 में आयोजित की गई थी । उम्मीदवार को पात्रता परीक्षा को पास करने के लिए न्यूनतम  60%  अंक प्राप्त करने होते हैं । यह केवल एक शिक्षक पात्रता परीक्षा होती है ,इस परीक्षा को पास करके आप KVS (केन्द्रीय विद्यालय संगठन) एवं नवोदय विद्यालयों में निकलने वाली परीक्षाओं में सम्मिलित हो सकते हैं ।  यह परीक्षा देने के लिए भी आपको वर्ग के अनुसार डी.एड डिप्लोमा या बी.एड डिग्री की आवश्यकता होती है ।

                जबकि STET (State Teacher Eligibility Test )परीक्षाएं शिक्षकों के चयन के लिए आयोजित की जाने वालीं परीक्षाएं हैं ,जो की विभिन्न राज्यों द्वारा आयोजित की जातीं हैं   । STET परीक्षा देने के लिए भी आपको वर्ग के अनुसार डी.एड डिप्लोमा या बी.एड डिग्री की आवश्यकता होती है ।

CTET परीक्षा का पैटर्न –

पेपर – I (FOR CLASS IV ) Primary Stage

Section Number of Questions Marks
Child Development and Pedagogy 30 30
Language I (Compulsory) 30 30
Language II (Compulsory) 30 30
Mathematics 30 30
Environmental Studies 30 30
Total 150 150

Minimum Qualifications for becoming Teacher for Classes I-V: Primary Stage

Primary Stage Senior Secondary (or its equivalent) with at least 50% marks and passed or appearing in final year of 2- year Diploma in Elementary Education (by whatever name known)

OR

Senior Secondary (or its equivalent) with at least 45% marks and passed or appearing in final year of 2- year Diploma in Elementary Education (by whatever name known), in accordance with the NCTE (Recognition Norms and Procedure), Regulations, 2002.

OR

Senior Secondary (or its equivalent) with at least 50% marks and passed or appearing in final year of 4- year Bachelor of Elementary Education (B.EI.Ed).

OR

Senior Secondary (or its equivalent) with at least 50% marks and passed or appearing in final year of 2- year Diploma in Education (Special Education)*.

OR

“Graduation with at least 50% marks and Bachelor of Education (B.Ed)” “(a) who has acquired the qualification or Bachelor of Education from any NCTE recognized institution shall be considered for appointment as a teacher in classes I to V provided the person so appointed as a teacher shall mandatorily undergo a six month Bridge Course in Elementary Education recognized by the NCTE, within two year of such appointment as primary teacher”.

पेपर – I I (FOR CLASS  VI- VIII) 
Section Number of Questions Marks
Child Development and Pedagogy (Compulsory) 30 30
Language I (Compulsory) 30 30
Language II (Compulsory) 30 30
Mathematics and Science (For Mathematics and Science Teachers) 60 60
Social Studies/Social Science (For Social Studies/Social Science Teachers) 60 60
Total 150 150

Minimum Qualifications for becoming Teacher for Classes VI-VIII: Elementary Stage

Elementary Stage Graduation and passed or appearing in final year of 2-year Diploma in Elementary Education (by whatever name known).

OR

Graduation with at least 50% marks and passed or appearing in 1-year Bachelor in Education (B.Ed).

OR Graduation with at least 45% marks and passed or appearing in 1-year Bachelor in Education (B.Ed), in accordance with the NCTE (Recognition Norms and Procedure) Regulations issued from time to time in this regard.

OR

Senior Secondary (or its equivalent) with at least 50% marks and passed or appearing in final year of 4- year Bachelor in Elementary Education (B.EI.Ed).

OR

Senior Secondary (or its equivalent) with at least 50% marks and passed or appearing in final year of 4- year B.A/B.Sc.Ed or B.A.Ed/B.Sc.Ed.

OR

Graduation with at least 50% marks and passed or appearing in 1-year B.Ed. (Special Education)*.

OR

Any candidate having qualified B.Ed. Programme recognized by the NCTE is eligible to appear in TET/CTET. Moreover, as per the existing TET guidelines circulated vide NCTE letter dated 11-02-2011, a person who is pursuing any of the teacher education courses (recognized by the NCTE or the RCI, as the case may be) specified in the NCTE Notification dated 23rd August 2010 is also qualified to appear in the TET/CTET. CTET – JULY 2020

 

March 30, 2020

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